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US Troops Heading to Iraq, Not Home    10/21 06:01

   While President Donald Trump insists he's bringing home Americans from 
"endless wars" in the Mideast, his Pentagon chief says all U.S. troops leaving 
Syria will go to western Iraq and the American military will continue 
operations against the Islamic State group.

   KABUL, Afghanistan (AP) -- While President Donald Trump insists he's 
bringing home Americans from "endless wars" in the Mideast, his Pentagon chief 
says all U.S. troops leaving Syria will go to western Iraq and the American 
military will continue operations against the Islamic State group.

   They aren't coming home and the United States isn't leaving the turbulent 
Middle East, according to current plans outlined by U.S. Defense Secretary Mark 
Esper before he arrived in Afghanistan on Sunday. The fight in Syria against 
IS, once spearheaded by American allied Syrian Kurds who have been cast aside 
by Trump, will be undertaken by U.S. forces, possibly from neighboring Iraq.

   Esper did not rule out the idea that U.S. forces would conduct 
counterterrorism missions from Iraq into Syria. But he told reporters traveling 
with him that those details will be worked out over time.

   Trump nonetheless tweeted: "USA soldiers are not in combat or ceasefire 
zones. We have secured the Oil. Bringing soldiers home!"

   The Republican president declared this past week that Washington had no 
stake in defending the Kurdish fighters who died by the thousands as America's 
partners fighting in Syria against IS extremists. Turkey conducted a weeklong 
offensive into northeastern Syria against the Kurdish fighters before a 
military pause.

   "It's time for us to come home," Trump said, defending his removal of U.S. 
troops from that part of Syria and praising his decision to send more troops 
and military equipment to Saudi Arabia to help the kingdom defend against Iran.

   Esper's comments to reporters traveling with him were the first to 
specifically lay out where American troops will go as they shift from Syria and 
what the counter-IS fight could look like. Esper said he has spoken to his 
Iraqi counterpart about the plan to shift about 1,000 troops from Syria into 
western Iraq.

   Trump's top aide, asked about the fact that the troops were not coming home 
as the president claimed they would, said, "Well, they will eventually."

   Acting chief of staff Mick Mulvaney told "Fox News Sunday" that "the 
quickest way to get them out of danger was to get them into Iraq."

   As Esper left Washington on Saturday, U.S. troops were continuing to pull 
out of northern Syria after Turkey's invasion into the border region. Reports 
of sporadic clashes continued between Turkish-backed fighters and the Syria 
Kurdish forces despite a five-day cease-fire agreement hammered out Thursday 
between U.S. and Turkish leaders.

   The Turkish military's death toll has risen to seven soldiers since it 
launched its offensive on Oct. 9.

   Trump ordered the bulk of the approximately 1,000 U.S. troops in Syria to 
withdraw after Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan made it clear in a phone 
call that his forces were about to invade Syria to push back Kurdish forces 
that Turkey considers terrorists.

   The pullout largely abandons America's Kurdish allies who have fought IS 
alongside U.S. troops for several years. Between 200 and 300 U.S. troops will 
remain at the southern Syrian outpost of Al-Tanf.

   Esper said the troops going into Iraq will have two missions.

   "One is to help defend Iraq and two is to perform a counter-ISIS mission as 
we sort through the next steps," he said. "Things could change between now and 
whenever we complete the withdrawal, but that's the game plan right now."

   The U.S. currently has more than 5,000 American forces in Iraq, under an 
agreement between the two countries. The U.S. pulled its troops out of Iraq in 
2011 when combat operations there ended, but they went back in after IS began 
to take over large swaths of the country in 2014. The number of American forces 
in Iraq has remained small due to political sensitivities in the country, after 
years of what some Iraqis consider U.S. occupation during the war that began in 
2003.

   Esper said he will talk with other allies at a NATO meeting in the coming 
week to discuss the way ahead for the counter-IS mission.

   Asked if U.S. special operations forces will conduct unilateral military 
operations into Syria to go after IS, Esper said that is an option that will be 
discussed with allies over time.

   He said one of his top concerns is what the next phase of the counter-IS 
missions looks like, "but we have to work through those details." He said that 
if U.S. forces do go in, they would be protected by American aircraft.

   While he acknowledged reports of intermittent fighting despite the 
cease-fire agreement, he said that overall it "generally seems to be holding. 
We see a stability of the lines, if you will, on the ground."

   He also said that, so far, the Syrian Democratic Forces that partnered with 
the U.S. to fight IS have maintained control of the prisons in Syria where they 
are still present. The Turks, he said, have indicated they have control of the 
IS prisons in their areas.

   "I can't assess whether that's true or not without having people on the 
ground," said Esper.

   He added that the U.S. withdrawal will be deliberate and safe, and it will 
take "weeks not days."

   According to a U.S. official, about a couple hundred troops have left Syria 
so far. The U.S. forces have been largely consolidated in one location in the 
west and a few locations in the east.

   The official, who spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss ongoing 
operations, said the U.S. military is not closely monitoring the effectiveness 
of the cease-fire, but is aware of sporadic fighting and violations of the 
agreement. The official said it will still take a couple of weeks to get forces 
out of Syria.

   Also Sunday, U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi led a group of American 
lawmakers on a visit to Jordan to discuss "the deepening crisis" in Syria.

   Jordan's state news agency Petra said that King Abdullah II, in a meeting 
with the Americans, stressed the importance of safeguarding Syria's territorial 
integrity and guarantees for the "safe and voluntary" return of refugees.


(KR)

 
 
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